India may be one of the fastest growing economies in the world, but it is also grappling with a big crime problem in its cities. However, with rising crime, poor conviction rates, & unprecedented backlog of cases in courts, the law machinery continues to largely rely on outdated and unscientific methods of criminal investigation with not enough crime scene DNA being 'collected', 'tested' and 'compared' to catch the guilty.
While low adoption rate can be attributed to poor infrastructure and lack of policy push so far, the root of the problem is knowledge gaps and misconceptions among stakeholders. With a population of 1.3 Bn, and half a million reported violent crimes annually, only 20,000 DNA samples are being tested in criminal cases annually. In contrast, the UK conducts 3 times more tests per year with a population that's 20 times smaller.
Among the different categories of violent crimes, sexual assault against women & children has become a significant societal problem. Violent rape incidents fill the news every day and preventing them has been a problem for ages. Despite this, authorities have not fully adopted modern crime fighting strategies to address this burning issue. India is one of the last countries in the world to have started using DNA to solve crime and has been lagging in casework to combat it.