The role of empathy and efficacy in public service announcements: Using narratives to induce bystander intervention in domestic violence

This research explores the understudied relationship between two crucial variables—empathy elicited by narratives and the degree of efficacy possessed by bystanders—by using narratives in public service announcements.
Kim and Muralidharan


  • Narrative messages are more effective than nonnarrative messages.
  • Empathy-laden narrative messages produce more positive public service announcement evaluations and stronger intentions to call the helpline.
  • The positive...
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