Do billboard advertisements drive customer retention? Expanding the “AIDA” model to “AIDAR”

Many researchers neglect the wider capabilities of billboards. Managers deploy billboards to generate awareness, evaluated through awareness-tracking studies, thus reinforcing their beliefs.


  • Contrary to enduring beliefs, billboards can be effective across the hierarchy of effects, including customer-retention roles that are missing from traditional advertising typologies.
  • Combined with billboards’ resilience against...
Not a subscriber?

Schedule your live demo with our team today