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Screen Life: How "two-screening" changes our TV viewing
Neil Mortenson and Rob Ellis, ESOMAR, Congress, Istanbul, September 2013
This paper considers the threats and opportunities for television advertising presented by multiscreening.
This paper considers the threats and opportunities for television advertising presented by multiscreening. Researchers adopted a multidisciplinary approach with a heavy reliance on observational research to measure the prevalence of multiscreening, its effect on attention paid to television, and its impact on ad communication. A key learning is that multiscreening reinforced the television relationship and the paper identifies opportunities for new advertising initiatives.
Do Emotions in Advertising Drive Sales?: Use of facial coding to understand the relation between emotional ads and sales effectiveness
Daniel McDuff, Rana El Kaliouby, Evan Kodra and Laurent Larguinet, ESOMAR, Congress, Istanbul, September 2013
This paper examines the impact of ads that evoke emotions and are entertaining or are memorable on product sales.
This paper examines the impact of ads that evoke emotions and are entertaining or are memorable on product sales. Research was conducted to quantitatively measure tacit emotional response to ads through facial recognition, with this information then matched to sales data. Data was collected for over 140 ads in four countries and used to identify the emotional trajectories that are most predictive of sales. It was found that amusement was the strongest predictor of sales. The findings of the research are explained and the ways in which the methods used could be applied to other areas of market research discussed.
The Secret Sauce for Super Bowl Advertising: What Makes Marketing Work in the World's Most Watched Event?
Jin-Woo Kim, Traci H. Freling, and Douglas B. Grisaffe, Journal of Advertising Research, Vol. 53, No. 2, 2013, pp. 134-149
This study investigated the relationship between Super Bowl advertising and advertisers’ market valuation, identifying several factors that influence the financial rewards of this media-placement strategy.
This study investigated the relationship between Super Bowl advertising and advertisers’ market valuation, identifying several factors that influence the financial rewards of this media-placement strategy. Specifically, the authors examined the impact of each commercial’s featured characters and appeals—and the product benefits promoted—on abnormal stock returns for sponsoring companies that appear in Super Bowl advertising. Event study results showed that Super Bowl advertising is positively related to abnormal stock returns for advertisers. Cross-sectional regression analyses also indicated that market value of Super Bowl advertisers is positively related to likeable characters, emotional appeals, and approach messaging. The combined use of likeable characters with either emotional appeals or approach messages also is positively associated with firm valuation.
Addressable TV: Traditional Television Just Became Untraditional
Aaron Fetters and Helen Katz, ARF Experiential Learning, Audience Measurement 8.0, 2013
This paper discusses the development and results of a project from Starcom MediaVest (SMG), a media agency, that looks into addressable TV in the US.
This paper discusses the development and results of a project from Starcom MediaVest (SMG), a media agency, that looks into addressable TV in the US. The project was undertaken with the food manufacturer, Kellogg's (an early mover in adopting the technology in its ad targeting) and with the media partner, DirectTV. Results from the project include: addressable campaigns are more precisely targeted and increase the frequency of ads seen, and commercials targeted in this way are also seen for slightly longer than the norm. The paper concludes by discussing several learnings and questions arising from the project, including: the impact of addressability on KPIs, connecting exposure to sales, the optimal frequency threshold, addressability across platforms and the speed with which addressability will scale.
Long Term Effects Reveal High ROIs of TV Advertising
Guido Modenbach and Raimund Wildner, ARF Experiential Learning, Audience Measurement 8.0, 2013
This paper looks at the effect of television on return on investment (ROI) and proposes ROI Analyzer: a sustainable model linking TV advertising and sales that takes into account long-term aspects of brand loyalty.
This paper looks at the effect of television on return on investment (ROI) and proposes ROI Analyzer: a sustainable model linking TV advertising and sales that takes into account long-term aspects of brand loyalty. The ROI Analyzer examines, in addition to contact with TV advertising, at a variety of independent variables to identify the pure influence of TV as accurately as possible. Long-term effects are factored into the model through brand loyalty levels. For each campaign, the ROI Analyzer uses logistic regression to measure the effect of the advertising contacts on brand purchasing over the period of the analysis year, and can project the trend to subsequent years. It can also simulate what would have happened if there had been no advertising. Early analyses show long-term ROI for the majority of brands is greater than 1.
Advertising creativity and repetition: recall, wearout and wearin effects
Kevin Lehnert, Brian D. Till and Brad D. Carlson, International Journal of Advertising, Vol. 32, No. 2, 2013, pp. 211-231
Creativity is seen as an important component of advertising, with highly creative ads being easier to recall than control ads.
Creativity is seen as an important component of advertising, with highly creative ads being easier to recall than control ads. However, the boundary conditions around this effect are less understood. This research examines how creativity influences recall across repeated ad exposures. Additionally, this paper investigates the influence of creativity on advertising wearin/wearout. We utilise creative and control commercials embedded in a television programme for a naturalistic viewing experience, along with a one-week follow-up measure. We find that creative advertisements exhibit higher recall, though repeated exposures reduce this advantage. Further, creative ads are more liked, demonstrate wearin effects more quickly and are less susceptible to wearout.
Do new forms of television advertising occasion better recall than traditional advertising spots?
María Arrazola, José de Hevia, Pedro Reinares and Ricardo Reinares Lara, International Journal of Advertising, Vol. 32, No. 2, 2013, pp. 281-300
The loss of effectiveness of television advertising centred on advertising spots has caused the development, and subsequent consolidation, of new forms of advertising within this medium.
The loss of effectiveness of television advertising centred on advertising spots has caused the development, and subsequent consolidation, of new forms of advertising within this medium. While management assumes that these new forms of advertising generate greater recall, in order to justify their usage, there is a noticeable lack of research evidence to prove this supposition. Therefore, in this article we use a representative sample of Spanish television audiences to compare the advertising recall that advertising spots generate, as opposed to that occasioned by a combination of new television advertising formats. The empirical analysis was carried out by means of an Ordered Probit model, which showed that the new forms of advertising gave rise to better recall than advertising spots, as much with regard to aided as with unaided recall.
Tuning into TV ads: How emotion research transforms our understanding of advertising in Asia
Alastair Gordon, Joe Wheller, Vuong Manh Giang and Winnie Yeung, ESOMAR, Asia Pacific, Ho Chi Minh City, April 2013
This paper reports on a study of TV advertisements across five Asian markets (with a particular focus on Vietnam) utilising facial imaging technology to measure consumers' emotional responses.
This paper reports on a study of TV advertisements across five Asian markets (with a particular focus on Vietnam) utilising facial imaging technology to measure consumers' emotional responses. The research relates emotional response to intended purchase and recommendation, demonstrating that facial imaging methods provide insights into how Asians are reacting to current TV advertising.
Advertising clusters in Asia: Beyond borders
Shivkumar Moulee, ESOMAR, Asia Pacific, Ho Chi Minh City, April 2013
This paper, which updates earlier research, clusters different Asian markets according to consumers' response to advertising, and is designed to help global advertisers assess the transferability of advertising.
This paper, which updates earlier research, clusters different Asian markets according to consumers' response to advertising, and is designed to help global advertisers assess the transferability of advertising. With a number of markets in Asia having seen significant evolution and exposure to advertising and brands, it looks to assess if the clusters still hold true. The paper finds there are still distinct clusters of markets in Asia when it comes to advertising response, but not always by geography. Equally, it identifies India and China as regions in themselves. Overall, the research enables global advertisers to assess the transferability of advertising from one market to another, and has practical applications in creative development and assessment.
How to target TV ads: A buyer's guide to set top box targeting algorithms
Brendan Kitts, ARF Experiential Learning, Re:Think conference, 2013
With television advertising targeting undergoing a revolution in capabilities and accuracy, this paper reviews a variety of different targeting algorithms.
With television advertising targeting undergoing a revolution in capabilities and accuracy, this paper reviews a variety of different targeting algorithms. These range from the traditional age-gender targeting methods employed based on Nielsen ratings, to new approaches that attempt to target high probability buyers using Set Top Box data.
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